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There are not that many woodland plants that flower later in the year, and most of the ones that do are more woodland margin plants, not found in the depths of the wood.

The European Golden rod is such a plant it grows on the edges of the woods. golden-rod3

This one I spotted in a woodland near Bigsweir bridge over the river Wye, There were only a few individuals and none of them were particularly large.

How different to the giant specimens which are part of the traditional English garden. My father used to grow these and as a small boy they seemed quite enormous to me, though they were probably only about 4 or 5 feet tall. He also used to grow Michaelmas daisy and these were generally a bit smaller than the golden rods but both flowered at roughly the same time which was late summer/early autumn. This is when the small wild species also flowers, the ones I photographed were in flower on 24th of August 2016.golden-rod2

They are members of the Aster family and produce typical compositae flowers or daisy type flowers with a circle of ray florets ( what are commonly referred to as the petals) and these surround a central group of disc florets. both ray and disc florets are yellow, the ray florets are not particularly well developed so with a casual glance the flowers will just look like little yellow ‘bobbles’.

For information on other woodland wildflowers of the Wye valley and Monmouthshire click here